Policies and Procedures

COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
BICYCLE REGULATIONS
Revised July 1, 2011
I. INTRODUCTION
A. BICYCLE EDUCATION and ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM (BEEP)
The purpose of BEEP is to educate bicyclists and enforce rules and
regulations pertaining to the operation of bicycles and skateboards on
campus. The goal of the program is to provide a safe traffic environment
so that all modes of transportation can coexist.
BEEP is a unit of the Colorado State University Police Department
(CSUPD). Administration of the program is the responsibility of the
BEEP Coordinator who is assigned by the Chief of Police. Enforcement is
the responsibility of Patrol supervisors via the commander of the Patrol
Division.
1. Education – is achieved through brochures, media releases, personal
contact at bicycle licensing sessions and enforcement warning periods,
and a bicycle safety seminar hosted by the Choice City Coalition for
Cycling, among other efforts.
2. Enforcement – includes targeting specific violations and/or locations
as recommended by the BEEP Coordinator based on violation
trends, complaints, accidents, circulation patterns, road and weather
conditions, and other factors.
The BEEP Coordinator, with the knowledge and approval of the Chief of
Police, has discretionary authority to establish police department policies
and procedures consistent with the purpose and goals of the program.
B. SCOPE OF REGULATIONS
Colorado State Bicycle Regulations supplement all state laws (herein
referred to as CRS), the City of Fort Collins Traffic Code, and all
applicable City ordinances.
These Bicycle Regulations are in effect at all times and apply to all persons
while on the Colorado State campus. Visitors are subject to citations that
may result in an appearance before a state or municipal judge. Faculty,
staff, and students are subject to University violation notices that may
result in an appearance before a Judicial Affairs officer and/or a Bicycle
Regulations Appeals Board.5
C. GRANTING AUTHORITY
Colorado Revised Statute (CRS) 23-5-106 gives the governing board of
any state institution of higher education the authority to promulgate rules
and regulations for the safety and welfare of students, employees, and
property.
CRS 23-5-107 gives the governing board of any state institution of higher
education the authority to promulgate rules and regulations providing
for the operation and parking of vehicles upon the grounds, driveways, or
roadways within the property under the control of the governing board.
Colorado State Bicycle Regulations are approved by the State Board of
Agriculture in accordance with the authority granted by these statutes.
II. DEFINITIONS
A. Bicycle = every vehicle propelled solely by human power applied to
pedals upon which any person may ride having two tandem wheels or
two parallel wheels and one forward wheel, all of which are more than
fourteen inches in diameter.
B. Bicycle License = the uniquely numbered adhesive sticker purchased from
the University police department and supplied as evidence of bicycle
registration.
C. Bicycle Path/Route = a separate path, trail, or portion of a sidewalk
completely separated from the roadway, used primarily for bicycles. (Note:
This is where skateboards are allowed, NOT in bike lanes or roadway.)
D. Bicycle Violation Notice = the printed form completed by the police officer
(or police department employee) that serves notice and information to a
person alleged to have committed a violation of these Bicycle Regulations.
E. Bike Lane = portion of a roadway or shoulder designated for preferential
or exclusive use by bicyclists. It is distinguished from the portion of the
roadway for motor vehicle traffic by a paint stripe, curb, or other devices.
(Note: Skateboards are not allowed in bike lanes or roadway.)
F. Calendar Day = sequential days in a calendar, including weekends and
holidays.
G. Dismount Zone = all areas of the University posted for no bicycle riding
and marked with ground graphics and/or “Dismount” signs. All Dismount
Zones apply to skateboards, roller skates, and roller blades as well.
1. Dismount is defined as “walking beside the bicycle with both feet off
the pedals at the same time.” 6
H. Low-Power Scooter = self-propelled vehicle designed primarily for use
on the roadways with not more than three wheels in contact with the
ground, no manual clutch, and either an internal combustion engine not
exceeding 50cc or an electric engine not exceeding 4,476 watts. Excludes
for the definition toy vehicles, electrical assisted bicycles, wheelchairs, or
any device designed to assist mobility impaired people who use pedestrian
rights-of-way.
I. Electrical-Assisted Bicycle = a vehicle having two tandem wheels or two
parallel wheels and one forward wheel, fully operable pedals, and electric
motor not exceeding 750 watts, and a top power-assisted speed of twenty
miles per hour.
J. Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Device or EPAMD = a self-balancing,
non-tandem two-wheeled device, designed to transport only one person,
that is powered solely by an electric propulsion system producing an
average power output of no more than 750 watts. (This is a Segway.)
K. Off-Highway Vehicle = any self-propelled vehicle that is designed to travel
on wheels or tracks in contact with the ground that is designed primarily
for use off of the public highways, and that is generally and commonly
used to transport person for recreational purposes.
L. Pedestrian = any person afoot or any person with mobility impairment
who may need a mechanical device for transportation.
M. Police Bicycle = a bicycle with special equipment operated by a police
officer and which may be exempt from parking and moving regulations.
N. Road = any highway.
O. Roadway = that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily
used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder
even though such sidewalk, berm, or shoulder is used by persons riding
bicycles, or other human-powered vehicles, or pedestrians. In the event
that a highway includes two or more separate roadways, “roadway” refers
to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
P. Sidewalk = a pathway constructed primarily for use by pedestrians.
Q. Skateboard = any device consisting of a footrest mounted on wheels less
than fourteen inches (14") in diameter, upon which a person may ride,
that is propelled solely by human power. This includes roller skates,
in-line skates (roller blades), and non-motorized scooters. These devices
are not vehicles. They are considered toys by CRS (42-4-109 (Sub.¶9)).
R. Visitor = all persons not classified as faculty, staff, or students of Colorado
State University.7
III. BICYCLE REGISTRATION
A. REGISTRATION REQUIRED
All bicycles ridden or parked on the Colorado State campus must be
registered with the CSUPD. An exception will be made for bicyclists who
are visitors to campus. The registration decal will also be known as a
bicycle license, which is valid for as long as the license is readable.
B. COST
The cost of registration is $10.00. The cost is subject to change following
approval of the Board of Governors of the CSU System.
C. TRANSFER OF REGISTRATION
If ownership of a registered bicycle changes, the new owner is to
notify CSUPD if they are faculty, staff, or a student of Colorado State.
Registrations are not transferable, and the new owner must register the
bicycle under his or her name. The new (or previous) owner must also
ensure that an old bicycle license has been removed when possession of
the bicycle has changed. Only one CSU bike license can be affixed to any
bicycle at one time.
If a bicycle is stolen, lost, or destroyed, the owner should notify CSUPD so
that a notation can be made on the registration form.
If the bicycle is stolen, it is highly recommended that the owner make a
police report.
D. REGISTRATION FORM
The registration form provided by CSUPD should be completed with all
information requested. The serial number of the bicycle must be recorded.
If the bicycle does not have a serial number, it is the responsibility of the
registrant to select a unique number and have it inscribed on the frame. A
Colorado State I.D. number is recommended.
E. LICENSE ATTACHMENT
The license decal is supplied with an adhesive backing to be attached to
the main frame on the bicycle. The license is to be affixed so that it is
clearly visible.
IV. MOVING REGULATIONS
A. MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC LAWS APPLY
Every person riding a bicycle is required to obey the same applicable
traffic regulations as the driver of an automobile, including those set aside
specifically for bicycles. Bicyclists and skateboarders are also required to
obey all traffic control devices specific to this campus.8
B. PEDESTRIAN RIGHT-OF-WAY
1. Pedestrians have the right-of-way on all sidewalks and crosswalks.
2. Bicyclists and skateboarders must give an audible signal before
overtaking a pedestrian. An audible signal can be a bell, horn, or
voice – anything to alert a pedestrian of an approaching bicycle or
skateboard and the direction they are going.
C. SPEED LIMITS
Bicyclists will obey the posted speed limits of 20 miles per hour on
campus streets and 10 miles per hour in parking lots. When riding
on a bicycle path or other area shared with pedestrians, a bicyclist or
skateboarder will not exceed a speed that is reasonable and prudent with
respect to visibility, traffic, weather, and surface conditions, but in any case
will be less than the speed allowed on campus streets and parking lots.
D. RIDING PROHIBITED
Bicyclists will use roadways, bicycle lanes, and other maintained
pathways unless otherwise posted. Skateboarders may use sidewalks
and other maintained pathways unless otherwise posted. Bicyclists and
skateboarders will not infringe, or perform tricks, upon benches, stairs,
or other architectural components, landscaped areas, or any areas that are
under cultivation. See Definitions beginning on page 5.
Bicyclists will not ride on those sidewalks that are adjacent to streets,
unless posted otherwise. Other sidewalks may be used providing that
bicyclists yield right-of-way to pedestrians. Bicyclists and skateboarders
will dismount on any sidewalk where riding is impractical due to heavy
pedestrian use or other conflict.
Per University policy, skateboards, roller blades, or scooters may not be
used inside buildings or in posted areas of the campus. Police officers
or other University officials may impound a skateboard to determine
identity of the user and/or to facilitate contact with a parent in the case of
a juvenile violator.
E. RIDING AT NIGHT
When riding at night (30 minutes after sunset, continuing to 30 minutes
prior to sunrise), anywhere on campus, bicycles will be equipped
with a light that is visible for a distance of 500 feet to the front and a
reflector that is visible from 600 feet to the rear in the lower beams of an
approaching car. 9
F. POLICE BICYCLES
A police bicycle may be used to respond to emergencies or pursue
violators. In those circumstances, officers are exempt from the provisions
set forth in these regulations except that they must use due regard for the
safety of others (consistent with CRS 42-4-106) and give audible signals to
alert others while exercising these privileges when appropriate.
V. PARKING REGULATIONS
A. PARKING PERMITTED
Bicycles will be parked only at bicycle racks, bicycle garages, or other
approved bicycle parking areas unless they are stored within the residence
of the owner or authorized user. In order to promote security, bicycles
should be locked to the rack.
Bicycle racks are provided on a first-come, first-served basis. Registration
of a bicycle does not guarantee a space in a bicycle rack.
Police bicycles may be parked in violation of regulations to allow officers
quick response to calls/circumstances.
B. PARKING PROHIBITED
Bicycles will not be parked in any University building unless authorized.
The following areas are not to be used for bicycle parking: landscaped
areas or areas under cultivation, service driveways, building entrances,
driveways, bikeways, walkways, ramps, or any other passageway to which
emergency equipment, wheelchairs, pedestrians, or service equipment
may need access.
The following objects are not to be used for bicycle parking: trees, plants,
signs, fences, railings, posts, fire hydrants, buildings, or other objects
either living or artificial other than bicycle racks or bike garages.
C. ABANDONMENT
A bicycle will be considered abandoned if it has not been moved after
seven (7) days and will be subject to impoundment.
D. IMPOUNDMENT/SAFEKEEPING
Violations of Colorado State bicycle regulations that create a special
need for very prompt action, such as violations involving a danger to life,
health, or safety, may also result in the safekeeping/impoundment of the
offending bicycle.10
1. When a bicycle is abandoned, found, or in violation of Colorado
State bicycle regulations, any University police officer, or other person
authorized by the Chief of Police, may remove the lock or securing
mechanism, if necessary, and impound or provide safe-keeping of the
bicycle. Whenever practical, a bicycle that is in violation of a Colorado
State bicycle regulation will be “field impounded” (locked to a rack at
the location).
2. CSUPD will use reasonable efforts to contact the owner of any
impounded bicycle by written notice to the registered owner of the
bicycle as shown by the CSUPD registration records.
The impoundment of a bicycle, and any resulting fines or fees, may be
appealed using the procedures set forth in section VII (C) 3 of these
regulations for the handling of a Bicycle Violation Notice. Any such
appeal shall address the question of whether the underlying violation
on which the impoundment was based created a special need for
very prompt action. Such an appeal may address, in addition to the
impoundment of the bicycle, the underlying violation on which the
impoundment was based. If it is determined that the impoundment
was not warranted by the underlying violation (because it did not
create a special need for very prompt action as set forth above), the
costs of storage shall be waived.
E. LIABILITY/TAMPERING
The University will not be liable to the owner of the bicycle or owner of
the lock/securing mechanism for the cost of repair or replacement of any
property caused as a result of safekeeping/impoundment. Tampering
with a bicycle (and/or police department lock) that has been impounded
may subject the owner or other person to additional sanctions, including
criminal charges.
F. RELEASE
The release of a impounded bicycle requires a person to:
1. provide proof of ownership,
2. pay impound fees (see FINES/FEES [paragraph VI]),
3. pay any outstanding violation notices, and
4. register the bicycle (if necessary).
Impounded bicycles will be held for a minimum of 90 days before being
sent to Surplus Property for disposal at auction. A reasonable attempt
will be made to contact the owner during this time. Severely damaged or
inoperable bicycles may be disposed of after 30 days.11
VI. VIOLATIONS/FINES/FEES
Violation of any Colorado State bicycle regulation may result in the issuance
of a University Bicycle Violation Notice to the owner and/or operator of a
bicycle or skateboard on the Colorado State campus.
A. SAFETY VIOLATIONS
The following actions are considered to be safety violations and subject
the violator to a $35.00 fine:
•     Riding in a Dismount Zone
• Failure to obey traffic control device (to wit: STOP – Do Not Enter)
• Riding the wrong way on a one-way street or zone
• Riding without lighting equipment
• Riding double (on a single-seat bicycle)
• Failure to yield right-of-way
• Failure to signal
• Clinging to moving vehicle
• Riding on/in a landscaped area
• Riding on a sidewalk as described in section IV (D).
Other moving violations, as defined by CRS and MTC, are considered
safety violations as well and may be cited by the officer.
More than one safety (and/or parking) violation can be cited on the same
Bicycle Violation Notice.
B. ACCIDENTS
All traffic accidents involving a bicycle are subject to a police investigation
if required by law. Bicyclists may be subject to a county or municipal
summons in these cases. In those cases in which a formal investigation is
not required and the accident is a result of a safety violation, the fine will
be doubled for that violation only.
C. PARKING VIOLATIONS
The following actions are considered to be parking violations and subject
the violator to an $25.00 fine:
1. Operating or parking without a required license
2. Parking in a University building or other No Parking area as described
in paragraph V (B).12
D. OTHER VIOLATIONS
1. Attaching bicycle to a handicap ramp/accessway – $50.00
2. Providing false information/identification – $75.00
3. Disobeying a police officer – $75.00
E. OTHER SANCTIONS
In addition to the issuance of a Bicycle Violation Notice, violators
may also be referred for appropriate University discipline within their
constituency groups for repeated violations, personal conduct, or other
issues of concern.
F. OTHER FEES
1. Impounded bikes – $25.00
2. Lock cuts – $10.00
G. FINE/FEE SCHEDULES
Fines for violations of bicycle regulations were established and approved
August 1, 1993. Changes to the fine schedule can be requested of the
Board of Governors of the CSU System via recommendations of the BEEP
Supervisor and the Chief of Police.
Fees for police department services are set by the BEEP Supervisor and
the Chief of Police. Fee schedules are reviewed by the Board of Governors
of the CSU System. Impound fees include storage charges and a fee for
removing a lock or securing mechanism.
VII.HANDLING A VIOLATION NOTICE
A. PAYMENT
The fine can be paid within 14 calendar days of the issuance of the notice.
B. APPEAL PROCESS
The Bicycle Violation Notice may be appealed by:
1. A written appeal must be filed to the BEEP Coordinator within 14
calendar days of issuance of the Bicycle Violation Notice. Initiation
of an appeal stays the penalty until a ruling is made. An Appeals
Board will consider the written appeal and information on the notice,
including written comments by the officer, and make a decision to
uphold the charge or dismiss the notice.
Written appeals will be considered during the next scheduled appeals
session. The person appealing will be notified of the decision by mail.13
2. Impoundment Appeals – Impoundment appeals are handled in the
same manner as Bicycle Violation Notice appeals. A bicycle owner may
make a written appeal to recover any fees that were charged as a result
of his or her bicycle being impounded. To be able to file an appeal, fees
and fines must be paid prior to the bicycle being released.
3. Hearing Fees – A hearing fee of up to $15.00 per Bicycle Violation will
be assessed for violations that are upheld in the hearing process.
4. Closure – The hearing referee’s decision on appeals is final and not
subject to additional administrative appeal.
C. SAFETY SEMINAR
If the violation is a safety violation the person has the option of attending
a bicycle safety seminar. Persons passing a seminar test will have their fine
reduced by half. If the person signs up for a seminar, but fails to attend,
the original fine will be doubled. Only one seminar can be attended per
person while at CSU, for violations cited on one notice.
D. ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS
If the fine is not paid, an appeal filed, or the person fails to sign up for a
safety seminar within 14 calendar days of issuance of a Bicycle Violation
Notice, the fine will double. Delinquent faculty and staff fines will be
deducted from the employee’s paychecks. Delinquent student fines will be
sent to Accounts Receivable for collection and/or may subject the student
to denial of registration, transcripts, and diplomas.